Getting dental filling? Read this to know more about the process
To restore a tooth damaged by injury back to its normal functioning and shape, dental fillers are used. When a filling is given by a dentist, he or she first takes out the decayed material out of the tooth and then cleans the affected area before filling it out with dental fillers.
The purpose of dental fillers is also to prevent further damage by closing off the spaces where bacteria can enter. Fillers are made from different materials. These include porcelain, gold, a composite resin (tooth coloured dental filling) and an amalgam (an alloy of silver, mercury, tin, copper and sometimes zinc).
Types of Dental fillers
There is no one type of filling that is suitable for everyone. What is right for a patient is determined several factors like:
- Allergies to certain materials.
- The extent of repair.
- Where in the mouth, the filling is needed.
- Cost considerations.
Different types of dental filling include:
- Amalgam (silver) fillings: They are resistant to wear and are relatively cheaper. However, on account of it being dark coloured, they are more noticeable than composite or porcelain restorations. These are recommended for back teeth and not the noticeable part of the teeth that is conspicuous.
- Gold fillings: These are made to order in a dental laboratory and then cemented into the affected area. Gold inlays are more accepted by gum tissue and may last for a long period like 20 years. On these grounds, gold is considered as the best filling material by a lot of dentists. However, the cons of gold filling are: It’s expensive and require several visits to the dentists.
- Composite (plastic) resin: These can be matched to the colour of the patient’s teeth and therefore used in areas where a natural appearance is desired by the patient like the frontal and visible areas of the mouth. The ingredients are combined and placed directly into the cavity, they harden there. However, this resin may not be the ideal choice as they chip and wear off gradually. They generally do not last very long (three to five years) compared to the other fillers and is easily stained by coffee, tea or tobacco.
- Porcelain fillings: These are also called onlays or inlays and like the gold, fillings are produced or made on order and then is bonded to the tooth. Their cost is equivalent to the gold fillings. They can be matched to the natural colour of the teeth and can resist staining. These restorations cover most of the damaged tooth.
In a case where the fracture or the decay has destroyed a large portion of the tooth, a cap or a crown may be recommended. There are two ways to treat an infection that has reached the nerves of the tooth.
- Root canal treatment: The damaged portion of nerves is removed.
- Pulp capping: In this procedure, efforts are made to keep the nerves alive.
Steps of dental filling
Dentists in San Diego are trained to where detect whether the patient has a cavity that needs filling. Dental fillings in San Diego are of good quality. During the examination, the dentist will check the surface of each tooth with the help of a mirror. Anything abnormal that is encountered is then closely inspected through special instruments. The dentist may also prescribe an X-ray of the entire mouth or a particular section of it. Whichever type of treatment that the dentist may think to be suitable depends on the extent of damage caused.
Good dentists can be easily found out by typing ‘dentists near me’ on any search engine. It’s important to conduct the procedure of dental fillings very carefully. Dentists in San Diego are one of the bests. The procedure includes
- Local anaesthesia is given to numb the area around the tooth.
- The dentists then cut through the enamel to remove the decay using a drill. The gap is then shaped to prepare for filling.
- The tooth is then etched with an acid gel before filling the space.
- Few fillings require resin application which is bonded by using a bright light.
- The last step is the polishing of the tooth.
Patients need to be well informed and have a comprehensive understanding of dental fillers. This will enable them to make an informed choice which will go a long way in sustaining that healthy smile.
If you are looking for dental fillings in San Diego, CA, contact Hillcrest Dental Arts.